跟着实例学习ZooKeeper的用法: 缓存

zookeeper可以利用ZooKeeper在集群的各个节点之间缓存数据。 每个节点都可以得到最新的缓存的数据。 Curator提供了三种类型的缓存方式:Path Cache,Node Cache 和Tree Cache。

Path Cache

Path Cache用来监控一个ZNode的子节点. 当一个子节点增加, 更新,删除时, Path Cache会改变它的状态, 会包含最新的子节点, 子节点的数据和状态。 这也正如它的名字表示的那样, 那监控path。

实际使用时会涉及到四个类:

  • PathChildrenCache
  • PathChildrenCacheEvent
  • PathChildrenCacheListener
  • ChildData

通过下面的构造函数创建Path Cache:

public PathChildrenCache(CuratorFramework client, String path, boolean cacheData)

想使用cache,必须调用它的start方法,不用之后调用close方法。 start有两个, 其中一个可以传入StartMode,用来为初始的cache设置暖场方式(warm):

  1. NORMAL: 初始时为空。
  2. BUILD_INITIAL_CACHE: 在这个方法返回之前调用rebuild()
  3. POST_INITIALIZED_EVENT: 当Cache初始化数据后发送一个PathChildrenCacheEvent.Type#INITIALIZED事件

public void addListener(PathChildrenCacheListener listener)可以增加listener监听缓存的改变。

getCurrentData()方法返回一个List<ChildData>对象,可以遍历所有的子节点。

这个例子摘自官方的例子, 实现了一个控制台的方式操作缓存。 它提供了三个命令, 你可以在控制台中输入。

  • set 用来新增或者更新一个子节点的值, 也就是更新一个缓存对象
  • remove 是删除一个缓存对象
  • list 列出所有的缓存对象

另外还提供了一个help命令提供帮助。

设置/更新、移除其实是使用client (CuratorFramework)来操作, 不通过PathChildrenCache操作:

client.setData().forPath(path, bytes);
client.create().creatingParentsIfNeeded().forPath(path, bytes);
client.delete().forPath(path);

而查询缓存使用下面的方法:

for (ChildData data : cache.getCurrentData()) {
    System.out.println(data.getPath() + " = " + new String(data.getData()));
}

Node Cache

Path Cache用来监控一个ZNode. 当节点的数据修改或者删除时,Node Cache能更新它的状态包含最新的改变。

涉及到下面的三个类:

  • NodeCache
  • NodeCacheListener
  • ChildData

想使用cache,依然要调用它的start方法,不用之后调用close方法。

getCurrentData()将得到节点当前的状态,通过它的状态可以得到当前的值。 可以使用public void addListener(NodeCacheListener listener)监控节点状态的改变。

我们依然使用上面的例子框架来演示Node Cache。

package com.colobu.zkrecipe.cache;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.util.Arrays;

import org.apache.curator.framework.CuratorFramework;
import org.apache.curator.framework.CuratorFrameworkFactory;
import org.apache.curator.framework.recipes.cache.NodeCache;
import org.apache.curator.framework.recipes.cache.NodeCacheListener;
import org.apache.curator.retry.ExponentialBackoffRetry;
import org.apache.curator.test.TestingServer;
import org.apache.curator.utils.CloseableUtils;
import org.apache.zookeeper.KeeperException;

public class NodeCacheExample {
    private static final String PATH = "/example/nodeCache";

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        TestingServer server = new TestingServer();
        CuratorFramework client = null;
        NodeCache cache = null;
        try {
            client = CuratorFrameworkFactory.newClient(server.getConnectString(), new ExponentialBackoffRetry(1000, 3));
            client.start();

            cache = new NodeCache(client, PATH);
            cache.start();
            processCommands(client, cache);
        } finally {
            CloseableUtils.closeQuietly(cache);
            CloseableUtils.closeQuietly(client);
            CloseableUtils.closeQuietly(server);
        }
    }

    private static void addListener(final NodeCache cache) {
        // a PathChildrenCacheListener is optional. Here, it's used just to log
        // changes
        NodeCacheListener listener = new NodeCacheListener() {

            @Override
            public void nodeChanged() throws Exception {
                if (cache.getCurrentData() != null)
                    System.out.println("Node changed: " + cache.getCurrentData().getPath() + ", value: " + new String(cache.getCurrentData().getData()));
            }
        };
        cache.getListenable().addListener(listener);
    }

    private static void processCommands(CuratorFramework client, NodeCache cache) throws Exception {
        printHelp();
        try {
            addListener(cache);
            BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
            boolean done = false;
            while (!done) {
                System.out.print("> ");
                String line = in.readLine();
                if (line == null) {
                    break;
                }
                String command = line.trim();
                String[] parts = command.split("\\s");
                if (parts.length == 0) {
                    continue;
                }
                String operation = parts[0];
                String args[] = Arrays.copyOfRange(parts, 1, parts.length);
                if (operation.equalsIgnoreCase("help") || operation.equalsIgnoreCase("?")) {
                    printHelp();
                } else if (operation.equalsIgnoreCase("q") || operation.equalsIgnoreCase("quit")) {
                    done = true;
                } else if (operation.equals("set")) {
                    setValue(client, command, args);
                } else if (operation.equals("remove")) {
                    remove(client);
                } else if (operation.equals("show")) {
                    show(cache);
                }
                Thread.sleep(1000); // just to allow the console output to catch
                                    // up
            }
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        } finally {

        }
    }

    private static void show(NodeCache cache) {
        if (cache.getCurrentData() != null)
            System.out.println(cache.getCurrentData().getPath() + " = " + new String(cache.getCurrentData().getData()));
        else
            System.out.println("cache don't set a value");
    }

    private static void remove(CuratorFramework client) throws Exception {
        try {
            client.delete().forPath(PATH);
        } catch (KeeperException.NoNodeException e) {
            // ignore
        }
    }

    private static void setValue(CuratorFramework client, String command, String[] args) throws Exception {
        if (args.length != 1) {
            System.err.println("syntax error (expected set <value>): " + command);
            return;
        }

        byte[] bytes = args[0].getBytes();
        try {
            client.setData().forPath(PATH, bytes);
        } catch (KeeperException.NoNodeException e) {
            client.create().creatingParentsIfNeeded().forPath(PATH, bytes);
        }
    }

    private static void printHelp() {
        System.out.println("An example of using PathChildrenCache. This example is driven by entering commands at the prompt:\n");
        System.out.println("set <value>: Adds or updates a node with the given name");
        System.out.println("remove: Deletes the node with the given name");
        System.out.println("show: Display the node's value in the cache");
        System.out.println("quit: Quit the example");
        System.out.println();
    }
}

操作和上面的Path cache类似, 只是getCurrentData()返回的类型不同

Tree Node

这种类型的即可以监控节点的状态,还监控节点的子节点的状态, 类似上面两种cache的组合。 这也就是Tree的概念。 它监控整个树中节点的状态。 涉及到下面四个类。

  • TreeCache
  • TreeCacheListener
  • TreeCacheEvent
  • ChildData

而关键的TreeCache的构造函数为

public TreeCache(CuratorFramework client, String path, boolean cacheData)

想使用cache,依然要调用它的start方法,不用之后调用close方法。

getCurrentChildren()返回cache的状态,类型为Map<String, ChildData>。 而getCurrentData()返回监控的path的数据。

public void addListener(TreeCacheListener listener)可以增加listener来监控状态的改变。

例子依然采用和上面的例子类似, 尤其和Path Cache类似。

package com.colobu.zkrecipe.cache;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Map;

import org.apache.curator.framework.CuratorFramework;
import org.apache.curator.framework.CuratorFrameworkFactory;
import org.apache.curator.framework.recipes.cache.ChildData;
import org.apache.curator.framework.recipes.cache.TreeCache;
import org.apache.curator.framework.recipes.cache.TreeCacheEvent;
import org.apache.curator.framework.recipes.cache.TreeCacheListener;
import org.apache.curator.retry.ExponentialBackoffRetry;
import org.apache.curator.test.TestingServer;
import org.apache.curator.utils.CloseableUtils;
import org.apache.curator.utils.ZKPaths;
import org.apache.zookeeper.KeeperException;

public class TreeCacheExample {
    private static final String PATH = "/example/treeCache";

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        TestingServer server = new TestingServer();
        CuratorFramework client = null;
        TreeCache cache = null;
        try {
            client = CuratorFrameworkFactory.newClient(server.getConnectString(), new ExponentialBackoffRetry(1000, 3));
            client.start();

            cache = new TreeCache(client, PATH);
            cache.start();
            processCommands(client, cache);
        } finally {
            CloseableUtils.closeQuietly(cache);
            CloseableUtils.closeQuietly(client);
            CloseableUtils.closeQuietly(server);
        }
    }

    private static void addListener(final TreeCache cache) {
        TreeCacheListener listener = new TreeCacheListener() {

            @Override
            public void childEvent(CuratorFramework client, TreeCacheEvent event) throws Exception {
                switch (event.getType()) {
                case NODE_ADDED: {
                    System.out.println("TreeNode added: " + ZKPaths.getNodeFromPath(event.getData().getPath()) + ", value: "
                            + new String(event.getData().getData()));
                    break;
                }
                case NODE_UPDATED: {
                    System.out.println("TreeNode changed: " + ZKPaths.getNodeFromPath(event.getData().getPath()) + ", value: "
                            + new String(event.getData().getData()));
                    break;
                }
                case NODE_REMOVED: {
                    System.out.println("TreeNode removed: " + ZKPaths.getNodeFromPath(event.getData().getPath()));
                    break;
                }
                default:
                    System.out.println("Other event: " + event.getType().name());
                }
            }

        };

        cache.getListenable().addListener(listener);
    }

    private static void processCommands(CuratorFramework client, TreeCache cache) throws Exception {
        // More scaffolding that does a simple command line processor
        printHelp();
        try {
            addListener(cache);
            BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
            boolean done = false;
            while (!done) {
                System.out.print("> ");
                String line = in.readLine();
                if (line == null) {
                    break;
                }
                String command = line.trim();
                String[] parts = command.split("\\s");
                if (parts.length == 0) {
                    continue;
                }
                String operation = parts[0];
                String args[] = Arrays.copyOfRange(parts, 1, parts.length);
                if (operation.equalsIgnoreCase("help") || operation.equalsIgnoreCase("?")) {
                    printHelp();
                } else if (operation.equalsIgnoreCase("q") || operation.equalsIgnoreCase("quit")) {
                    done = true;
                } else if (operation.equals("set")) {
                    setValue(client, command, args);
                } else if (operation.equals("remove")) {
                    remove(client, command, args);
                } else if (operation.equals("list")) {
                    list(cache);
                }
                Thread.sleep(1000); // just to allow the console output to catch
                                    // up
            }
        } finally {

        }
    }

    private static void list(TreeCache cache) {
        if (cache.getCurrentChildren(PATH).size() == 0) {
            System.out.println("* empty *");
        } else {            
            for (Map.Entry<String, ChildData> entry : cache.getCurrentChildren(PATH).entrySet()) {
                System.out.println(entry.getKey() + " = " + new String(entry.getValue().getData()));
            }
        }
    }

    private static void remove(CuratorFramework client, String command, String[] args) throws Exception {
        if (args.length != 1) {
            System.err.println("syntax error (expected remove <path>): " + command);
            return;
        }
        String name = args[0];
        if (name.contains("/")) {
            System.err.println("Invalid node name" + name);
            return;
        }
        String path = ZKPaths.makePath(PATH, name);
        try {
            client.delete().forPath(path);
        } catch (KeeperException.NoNodeException e) {
            // ignore
        }
    }

    private static void setValue(CuratorFramework client, String command, String[] args) throws Exception {
        if (args.length != 2) {
            System.err.println("syntax error (expected set <path> <value>): " + command);
            return;
        }
        String name = args[0];
        if (name.contains("/")) {
            System.err.println("Invalid node name" + name);
            return;
        }
        String path = ZKPaths.makePath(PATH, name);
        byte[] bytes = args[1].getBytes();
        try {
            client.setData().forPath(path, bytes);
        } catch (KeeperException.NoNodeException e) {
            client.create().creatingParentsIfNeeded().forPath(path, bytes);
        }
    }

    private static void printHelp() {
        System.out.println("An example of using PathChildrenCache. This example is driven by entering commands at the prompt:\n");
        System.out.println("set <name> <value>: Adds or updates a node with the given name");
        System.out.println("remove <name>: Deletes the node with the given name");
        System.out.println("list: List the nodes/values in the cache");
        System.out.println("quit: Quit the example");
        System.out.println();
    }
}

原创文章,转载请注明: 转载自并发编程网 – ifeve.com本文链接地址: 跟着实例学习ZooKeeper的用法: 缓存

FavoriteLoading添加本文到我的收藏
  • Trackback 关闭
  • 评论 (0)
  1. 暂无评论

您必须 登陆 后才能发表评论

return top