False Sharing && Java 7

原文:http://mechanical-sympathy.blogspot.hk/2011/08/false-sharing-java-7.html (因为被墙移动到墙内)

In my previous post on False Sharing I suggested it can be avoided by padding the cache line with unused longfields.  It seems Java 7 got clever and eliminated or re-ordered the unused fields, thus re-introducing false sharing.  I’ve experimented with a number of techniques on different platforms and found the following code to be the most reliable.

import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicLong;

public final class FalseSharing
    implements Runnable
{
    public final static int NUM_THREADS = 4; // change
    public final static long ITERATIONS = 500L * 1000L * 1000L;
    private final int arrayIndex;

    private static PaddedAtomicLong[] longs = new PaddedAtomicLong[NUM_THREADS];
    static
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < longs.length; i++)
        {
            longs[i] = new PaddedAtomicLong();
        }
    }

    public FalseSharing(final int arrayIndex)
    {
        this.arrayIndex = arrayIndex;
    }

    public static void main(final String[] args) throws Exception
    {
        final long start = System.nanoTime();
        runTest();
        System.out.println("duration = " + (System.nanoTime() - start));
    }

    private static void runTest() throws InterruptedException
    {
        Thread[] threads = new Thread[NUM_THREADS];

        for (int i = 0; i < threads.length; i++)
        {
            threads[i] = new Thread(new FalseSharing(i));
        }

        for (Thread t : threads)
        {
            t.start();
        }

        for (Thread t : threads)
        {
            t.join();
        }
    }

    public void run()
    {
        long i = ITERATIONS + 1;
        while (0 != --i)
        {
            longs[arrayIndex].set(i);
        }
    }

    public static long sumPaddingToPreventOptimisation(final int index)
    {
        PaddedAtomicLong v = longs[index];
        return v.p1 + v.p2 + v.p3 + v.p4 + v.p5 + v.p6;
    }

    public static class PaddedAtomicLong extends AtomicLong
    {
        public volatile long p1, p2, p3, p4, p5, p6 = 7L;
    }
}

With this code I get similar performance results to those stated in the previous False Sharing article.  The padding inPaddedAtomicLong above can be commented out to see the false sharing effect.

I think we should all lobby the powers that be inside Oracle to have intrinsics added to the language so we can have cache line aligned and padded atomic classes.  This and some other low-level changes would help make Java a real concurrent programming language.  We keep hearing them say multi-core is coming.   I say it is here and Java needs to catch up.

原创文章,转载请注明: 转载自并发编程网 – ifeve.com本文链接地址: False Sharing && Java 7

方 腾飞

花名清英,并发网(ifeve.com)创始人,畅销书《Java并发编程的艺术》作者,蚂蚁金服技术专家。目前工作于支付宝微贷事业部,关注互联网金融,并发编程和敏捷实践。微信公众号aliqinying。
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